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Sanctuary Friends Foundation of the Florida Keys
October 2011
Sanctuary Friends Foundation of the Florida Keys
News & Notes

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Lionfish Cookbook for Sale
Invasive lionfish are a new threat to western Atlantic, Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico waters. With voracious appetites and few native predators lionfish impacts to native marine are likely to be severe. That lionfish are delicious table fare with a delicate buttery flavor may be our best hope for helping to remove the fish and minimize its impacts!
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Do your part by purchasing "The Lionfish Cookbook" from REEF. This book is a unique blend of tantalizing recipes, background on the lionfish invasion and its impacts, as well as information on how to safely catch, handle and prepare the fish. Proceeds from the sale support REEF's marine conservation and lionfish research activities. You receive a 40% discount on 3 or more books, so order your holiday gifts now! Price: $16.95
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Key West Considers Dredging Channel
Concerns raised over environmental impacts

Cruise ships have been controversial in Key West since the first one arrived in 1969. Supporters say they are a vital economic engine. Opponents say they harm the environment and degrade the quality of life for residents, overnight guests and snowbirds. Key West now schedules visits for about 350 cruise ships carrying roughly 800,000 passengers a year, which generates $2.5 million in landing fee revenues that go into the city's general fund.
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Key West HarborCurrently, the City Commission has a big decision to make about the future of cruise ships in the Southernmost City. Should the city pursue widening the main 34-foot deep shipping channel into Key West Harbor — which runs through the federally protected FKNMS — to accommodate the cruise industry's transition to bigger ships?
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The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers completed a reconnaissance study last November that deemed the project economically viable, setting a price tag at about $35 million. But before the decade-long regulatory process could begin on widening Key West's shipping channel from 300 to 450 feet, proponents face changing federal law that prohibits the dredging. The process resulting in regulatory changes would require review under the National Environmental Policy Act and could take two to three years at a minimum.
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The other option would be to get a permit, which are typically issued for research, educational, archeological or other projects that increase the scientific understanding or natural resource value of the Sanctuary and its resources. "We currently do not have a permit category that we could find that would be possible to use for permitting this activity," said Billy Causey, Key West-based Southeast Regional Director for the National Marine Sanctuary Program.
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Meanwhile, Port of Miami has all but final go-ahead from the Department of Environmental Protection to conduct 600 days of blasting to widen and deepen its port to accommodate supersize freighters. The actual dredging is expected to begin next year.
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About seven acres of coral is expected to be directly affected by the blasts, and the Army Corps of Engineers will be required to transplant much of it to a trough between two reefs. All stony coral larger than 4 inches and soft coral greater than 10 inches will be chiseled out and moved to the trough. Elkhorn and staghorn coral, which are categorized as threatened under the Endangered Species Act, may be sent to a coral nursery such as the one in the Florida Keys. At the same time, nearly eight acres of sea grass will be damaged during the expansion. To make up for that, the Corps will seed 25 acres in a large underwater hole a bit farther north.
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For environmentalists, the concern with the Corps’ mitigation plans is that some coral will be missed, the transplanted coral and sea grass may not survive and muddied waters from the dredging and hundreds of blasts will do long-term damage to the bay.
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As for Key West, our fate has not yet been decided. There is still time to oppose the expansion of the harbor and protect the resources of the Sanctuary.
Source: The Miami Herald, Sun Sentinel


Everglades Restoration
Protecting the South Florida ecosystem

Sanctuary Friends support the efforts of the Everglades restoration program because of the significant connectivity the Everglades ecosystem has with all commingled elements of the FKNMS.
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In recognizing that a healthy ecosystem is fundamental to a healthy economy, numerous initiatives and construction projects are now underway to revitalize and protect the expansive south Florida ecosystem. A major component of the restoration is implementation of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP), a framework for large-scale restoration. Virtually all features of CERP will benefit the environment by improving the quality, quantity, timing and distribution of water flows to the ecosystem. The goal of CERP is to capture fresh water that now flows unused to the ocean and Gulf and redirect it to areas that need it most.
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Wetlands, Florida Everglades. Photo by Stephen Frink.Returning a more historic flow of water to the River of Grass will not only revive the native habitat for 68 federally listed threatened and endangered species, it will also naturally replenish the underground aquifers that supply drinking water to the population of south Florida. The storage features of the Plan serve multiple objectives because of the interconnection between water in the natural, agricultural and urban areas.
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Major components of CERP include above ground and underground water storage, water preserve areas, management of Lake Okeechobee as an ecological resource, improved water deliveries to the St. Lucie and Caloosahatchee estuaries, treatment wetlands, improved water deliveries to the Everglades, removal of barriers to the natural sheetflow of water, reuse of wastewater and improved water conservation.
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Working across political boundaries and in collaboration with partners and many stakeholders at the local, state and federal level, restoration of the historic Everglades ecosystem is one of the largest and most complex environmental restoration efforts in North America. It covers 16 counties over an 18,000-square-mile area. It includes more than 60 elements, will take more than 30 years to construct and the current estimate in Oct 2007 dollars is $9.5 billion for projects.


26th Annual Ocean Conservancy International Coastal Cleanup

Sanctuary Friends helped support Team OCEAN’s contribution to this year’s International Coastal Cleanup (ICC). Hundreds of thousands of volunteers from more than 100 countries participated in shoreline, beach and underwater cleanups in conjunction with the ICC – with events happening all along Keys’ shores.
Team OCEAN Cleanup Team
Six Team OCEAN volunteers joined coordinators Todd Hitchins and Robert Keeley cleaning the beaches of the Marquesas Keys in the Key West National Wildlife Refuge. This isolated ring of mangrove islands includes valuable turtle nesting and wildlife habitat; therefore, reducing entanglement and ingestion hazards posed by marine debris is critical. The team collected more than 725 pounds of materials, including bottles and various containers (75% plastic, 25% glass), cans and other random debris. They found a large amount of clothing, shoes, toiletries, canned food, bags, backpacks and even unused medical supplies (syringes, medicine vials, IV fluid and surgical sponges) next to a couple burned and abandoned boat hulls. Also removed were 10 gallons of diesel fuel and smaller containers of fuel/oil – fortunately all sealed. Proper disposal prevented the contamination of shoreline and ocean.
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Pictured (L to R): April Patterson, Jessica Joyner, Barbara Blackmore, Peter Moorcroft & Dolly Garlo. Front: Team OCEAN Coordinator Todd Hitchins


NewsMakers


New Coral Observing Station Installed in Pacific Region

FKNMS’ John Halas helped supervise the installation of a new coral observing station in Laolao Bay, Saipan. The new station is a first-of-its-kind for the Pacific region and joins a network of other monitoring stations in Caribbean and Atlantic tropical waters that assists officials to conserve, protect and manage reef ecosystems. Coral reef managers in the Northern Mariana Islands will now receive early warning of dangerous environmental conditions that can weaken and kill high value coral reefs such as warm water conditions that could trigger a coral bleaching event.
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This station will collect and transmit a variety of data, including air temperature, wind speed and gusts, wind direction, barometric pressure, precipitation, light (above and below water), sea temperature, salinity, and state of tide. Data will also be used by researchers and managers to understand the complex physical, chemical and biological processes influencing the health of coral reef ecosystems. The data is sent to NOAA's National Data Buoy Center and is included in the World Meteorological Organization's Global Telecommunications System, making it available for use by weather services all over the word.
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Jim Hendee, Ph.D., a coral expert with NOAA's Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory in Miami, led the team that built and deployed the station for NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program. The station joins a network of three existing Coral Reef Early Warning System, or CREWS, stations in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and Cayman Islands. The team hopes to be able to install one in the Florida Keys in the future. Access CREWS data worldwide.


Sanctuary Friends Foundation of the Florida Keys is a non-profit, 501(c)(3), tax-exempt organization (Tax ID# 59-2443959).
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In This Issue:
From the Board
Cruise Ship Dredging Debate
Everglades Restoration
International Coastal Cleanup
NewsMakers
Upcoming Events


From the Board


Dear Friends:
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Last month’s newsletter focused on the valuation of the Sanctuary using various indicators. One of those indicators was tourism. This month we focus on two specific vehicles of tourism: cruise ships and the Everglades. Each brings hundreds of thousands of visitors to South Florida every year.
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As friends of the FKNMS, we have specific views on which of these tourism activities should be supported and which should not. Our mission is the preservation, restoration and sustainable use of our coral reef ecosystem and that guides everything we support. Each program, project and newsletter is evaluated based on this mission. To learn more about the projects we do support, please visit our website.
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As a private citizen, you may agree or you may have different opinions. Either way, we’d love to hear your thoughts on our newsletter. Tell us what you think! And if you do find yourself aligned with supporting the 2,900 square nautical miles of marine sanctuary, including the third largest coral reef in the world, then join us as a volunteer or a member. Thank you for your support.
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Sincerely,
Katie Leigh, Newsletter Editor


Upcoming Events


Please add your upcoming events to our online Florida Keys Environmental Calendar. This community-wide resource allows any organization or group to set up an account and post environmentally-related events.
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FKNMS Sanctuary Advisory Council (SAC) Meeting
TODAY! Oct. 25, 9 am, Ocean Reef Cultural Center, Key Largo
The Council provides advice regarding management of the FKNMS. All meetings are open to the public and include morning (10 am) and afternoon (2:15 pm) public comment periods. Click here for this month's draft agenda.

Crane Point Haunted Hammock
Oct. 29, 6-9 pm, MM 50.5
Featuring a haunted house and trails, hayrides, music, costume contest, ghosts and goblins. Food and soft drinks available, including the very special graveyard cake served by the nicest witches in all the Keys. More information.

First Annual EcoSummit: Bringing Stakeholders Together to Save the Planet
Nov. 2-5, Florida Keys Community College, Key West
Participants will showcase the integration of environment, economics, equity and energy concepts – known as E4 – while addressing how to integrate the mission with real life in practical, affordable ways. Additionally, there will be a wide selection of eco-excursions that contribute to the local economy in socially responsible ways while showing off the beauty and bio-diversity of the Florida Keys. More information and registration.

Lower Keys Lionfish Derby
Nov. 5, Hurricane Hole Marina, Key West
A lionfish derby is a team competition to collect as many lionfish as possible between dawn and dusk. Teams can use a variety of capture methods while SCUBA diving, free diving or snorkeling. Prizes (up to $1,000 cash) awarded to the top three teams in each category: Most Lionfish, Biggest Lionfish and Smallest Lionfish. So far this year, 3,230 lionfish have been collected in REEF-sponsored derbies.
Registration fee: $120.


Coming ...
Eco-Discovery Tours

Discover the Florida Keys through eco-friendly and historical excursions. Call 305-289-2288 or email to request a brochure.


Welcome New Members
September / October 2011
Thank you for your support!
Benefactors
Sanctuary Advocate $200
Linda & Joseph Watson
Billy D. and Laura G. Causey
Sanctuary Benefactor $1,000
Michael Fimiani
Anonymous


blue&greenoccasions
Celebrating the event ...
Honoring the earth and sea

SERVING THE FLORIDA KEYS
AND KEY WEST

We invite you to hold your special celebrations, business meetings and other occasions in a meaningful way at the Florida Keys Eco-Discovery Center. We will help you celebrate in a green way, and your donations will help to give back to the “Sanctuary.” Call today to reserve your date and share your celebration with the earth and sea! More information.


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please email: NewsletterEditor@SanctuaryFriends.org

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Our Mission
Sanctuary Friends Foundation of the Florida Keys supports the Florida Keys and the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary (FKNMS) in the preservation, restoration, and sustainable use of our coral reef ecosystem, from the uplands to the deep sea. We focus on development of community support and advancement of public awareness, education, outreach and scientific research.
Sanctuary Friends Foundation of the Florida Keys
11450 Overseas Hwy., Suite 102
Marathon, Florida 33050
Tel: (305)
289-2288 Fax: (305) 289-2289
info@SanctuaryFriends.org
www.SanctuaryFriends.org



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Sanctuary Friends Foundation of the Florida Keys
PO Box 504301
Suite 102
Marathon, FL 33050
USA

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