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GEC News, Events, and Updates - April 2017
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1448  Royal Tern

2137  Roseate Skimmer (Adult male)(Orthemis ferruginea)

Africanized Honey bee

Photos by James Holland


Upcoming Events

2017 ElectronicsRecyclingLogo


Saturday, April 22 - Electronics Recycling & More Event, Keep Golden Isles Beautiful, Saturday, April 22, 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM, Glynn Place Mall – JC Penney end of parking lot. See flyer for a full list of recyclables and other services.



Friday, May 5 - GEC 1st Friday Lunch, Olive Garden, 11 AM, Olive Garden Restaurant, 600 Glynn Isles, Brunswick. Alex Kearns, Chair of the St. Marys EarthKeepers, helped create an organization to actively inform, encourage, and galvanize the residents of St Marys and Camden County into environmental stewardship. Alex will share an overview of the Earthkeepers’ achievements over the last 9 years, current issues, and future challenges.



Saturday, May 20 – Picnic in Twitty Park, 11:00 to 1:00, corner of Frederica and Sea Island Road, St. Simons Isl.  Bring you lunch and join us for a celebration of our efforts to save Twitty Park. 


Friday, June 2 - GEC 1st Friday Lunch, Olive Garden, 11 AM, Olive Garden Restaurant, 600 Glynn Isles, Brunswick. Ashby Nix with The Nature Conservancy is speaking about the concept of Coastal Resilience and using nature and nature based solutions to help coastal Georgia communities reduce their risks to coastal hazards such as storm surge, sea level rise, and other coastal flooding issues.



Friday, July 7 - GEC 1st Friday Lunch, Olive Garden, 11 AM, Olive Garden Restaurant, 600 Glynn Isles, Brunswick. Jason Lee Nongame Conservation Section Program Manager with DNR’s Wildlife Resources Division, is giving a presentation on Altama Plantation and the history of the 4,000-acre nature preserve outside Brunswick which opened to the public a year ago. He will also share information on its natural resources, what makes the property a biological gem, and what the property means for state wildlife goals.


Special Report

Superfund Sites – History and Status

Over two decades have gone by since the four Superfund Sites in Glynn County were listed.  The GEC brings our members and community this report in response to questions about where Sites are located, history, risks, and current status.

Brunswick Wood Preserving Superfund Site


The Brunswick Wood Preserving Superfund Site is located on Perry Lane Road between the Norfolk and CSX Rail Road. Located north of I-95, the closest main roads are Rt. 341 to the west and Golden Isles Parkway to the east.

History - The 84-acre Brunswick Wood Preserving Site is located in Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia.  Railroads border the site to the east and west, Perry Lane Road borders the site to the north and residences and wooded areas border the site to the south. Burnett Creek, a tidally influenced stream, is located on the western end of the site. Public and private wells near the site draw water from the deeper aquifer. From 1958 until 1991, a wood treatment facility operated at the site. Operations included the three major types of wood treating: creosote, pentachlorophenol (PCP) and chromium/copper/arsenic (CCA).  EPA placed the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1997 because of contaminated groundwater, soil and sediment resulting from facility operations. EPA and the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (Georgia EPD) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. In 2011, EPA completed soil and sediment cleanup activities, sampled Burnett Creek sediment again, and began treating groundwater.

Current Status - The Brunswick Wood Preserving Superfund Site 5-Year Review is underway and the EPA is taking public comment. Cleanup outside the underground containment walls (called slurry walls) was completed in late 2016 but some excess treated material still needs to be removed from the Site. Brian Farrier, EPA Remedial Project Manager, is working on the removal of the waste under current funding.  A final Close-Out Report on the cleanup and containment, and the 5-Year Review are expected in 2017. READ MORE


LCP Chemicals Superfund Site


The LCP Chemicals Superfund Site is bound by Rt. Rt. 303 to the north, Rt. 341 to the east, Georgia Pacific Pulp mill to the south and Turtle River.

History - The 813-acre LCP Chemicals Superfund Site is located in Brunswick, Georgia. It includes an area where various industrial facilities operated from the early 1920s to 1994.

The Atlantic Refining Company (ARCO) operated the Site as a petroleum refinery from 1918 to the early 1930s. The refinery ceased operations by 1935. Georgia Power Company purchased portions of the Site between 1937 and 1950, and operated electric power generating facilities. The Dixie Paint and Varnish Company operated a paint and varnish manufacturing facility at the Site from 1946 to 1956. In 1956, the Allied Chemical and Dye Corporation (now Honeywell) built and operated a chlor-alkali facility at the Site, principally for the production of chlorine gas, hydrogen gas, and caustic solution. The plant operated using the mercury cell process, which involves passing a concentrated brine solution between stationary graphite anodes and a flowing mercury cathode to produce chlorine gas, sodium hydroxide (caustic) solution, and hydrogen gas. Sodium hypochlorite (bleach) was also produced in a secondary reaction. For a time, the graphite anodes were impregnated with the polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) Aroclor 1268 to extend their life. LCP Chemicals of Georgia, Inc. purchased the property and chlor-alkali plant in 1979. Operations continued until 1994, when LCP Chemicals implemented a shutdown of the plant. Releases of chemicals from past process operations and disposal activities have resulted in contaminated marsh sediments and upland areas as well as surface water bodies, which in turn has adversely impacted ecological receptors including fish and other wildlife that inhabit the marsh area and/or forage in the surface water bodies within the marsh.


Current Status – The LCP site has been divided into three cleanup area: Marsh (Operable Unit 1); Groundwater and Cell Building Area (Operable Unit 2); and, Uplands (Operable Unit 3).  Galo Jackson, EPA Remedial Project Manager, provided an update about challenges and goals for 2017 by Operable Unit, or “OU”. We appreciate the update.

OU1 – Marsh - The U.S. Department of Justice will soon file a Motion to Enter the Consent Decree.  Once the court enters the Consent Decree, Honeywell has 30 days to select a contractor that the EPA can approve.  Honeywell then has 60 days after its contractor is approved to submit its draft Remedial Design work plan.  The schedule is in Section 7 of the Statement of Work attached to the Consent Decree.
OU2 - Groundwater and Cell Building Area - In January of this year I requested that Honeywell sample and analyze the groundwater wells at the Site. I am in discussions with GAEPD regarding the historical detection limits for PCBs in groundwater, in the former caustic brine pool (CBP) area. We’ve examined some of the 2012 laboratory data packages and found that the lab had to raise the detection limits in the wells in and around the CBP due to the following: 1) matrix interferences, 2) the need to perform clean-ups due to relatively high levels of sulfur, 3) and presence of non-target compounds, which prevented adequate resolution at the normal limits. EPA and GAEPD will have to discuss this further to attempt to come to a conclusion, as to what are reasonable detection limits for PCBs in the CBP area.
OU3 – Uplands
- EPA is still working on comments on the feasibility study (FS) Technical Memorandum for OU3 (Uplands).  Whether it will be finalized this fiscal year is a close call. Note that what is posted on the Reading Room is the FS Technical Memorandum, which is the initial part of the FS. Its purpose is to determined how much and which are the areas requiring remediation, nothing beyond that. There is a very slight chance that the Proposed Plan may be ready this fiscal year.

READ MORE about the LCP Site

Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall Site


The Terry Creek Site is located at the Brunswick end of the St. Simons Island Causeway and bound by Lanier Blvd to the west, Back River to the east, and Riverside to the north.


History - The Terry Creek Dredge Spoil Areas/Hercules Outfall site is located in Brunswick, Georgia. It includes the area where the Hercules Brunswick pesticide production facility discharged wastewater from 1948 to 1980 through an outfall ditch into Dupree Creek, which flows into Terry Creek. The site also includes nearby areas used to store sediments dredged from Dupree Creek and Terry Creek. EPA proposed placing the site on the Superfund program’s National Priorities List (NPL) in 1997 because of contaminated groundwater, soil, sediment and fish tissue.


According to the EPA, from 1997 to 2001, the site’s Potentially Responsible Parties (PRP) conducted short-term cleanup actions to remove contaminated sediment from the outfall ditch, Dupree Creek and Terry Creek. The PRP dug up contaminated sediment and disposed of it at an off-site landfill. Following cleanup actions, the PRP began a seafood monitoring program and found that contaminant levels in fish had declined significantly. However, a fish consumption advisory remains in place for parts of Dupree Creek and Terry Creek. The PRP continues to conduct fish tissue sampling and reevaluate the site’s fish consumption advisory every two years.

Current Status – Thank you to Scott Martin, EPA Remedial Project Manager, for the update about challenges and goals for 2017.  This year EPA intends to continue to work to finalize the ROD (Record of Decision) for Operable Unit 1 (Hercules Outfall Ditch Area) and then move into the consent decree negotiations. READ MORE 


What We Have Been Working On


The Twitty Park Worth Saving initiative remains strong and active. Glynn County Superior Court recently ruled on several motions. Our complaint asserts that public property like Twitty Park must be held in public trust for the benefit of the community. Each and every one of us has an interest in public parks and the magnificent live oaks that grace our island. Recently, Professor James Smith of the University of Georgia School of Law provided commentary on interesting and complicated areas of property law that affect Twitty Park and the grant given to Glynn County by Mr. T. L. Cain in 1924. We now await an initial ruling from the Glynn County Superior Court. Please remind your elected representatives that public assets like parks, historical sites, coastlands, and our tree canopy are worth preserving. For updates, see our Twitty Park Facebook Page.



- Coal ash and trash - Republic Services announced withdrawal of Georgia Environmental Protection and Federal Army Corps of Engineers applications for permits to bury tons of coal ash per day at its Wayne County Broadhurst Landfill. Meanwhile, the GEC is keeping an eye on the proposed barge port in St Marys as a route for municipal trash from northeastern states. 


Since the December 22, 2016 Public Hearing to propose a Municipal Landfill in Brantley County, the community has mobilized.  Many objections to the December Public Hearing were filed with the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (GA-EPD) concerning public notice before the meeting, and not identify themselves or where the landfill would be located other than to say between Waynesville and Atkinson. The GA-EPD is not buying the story from the Macon attorney and others representing the company, Brantley County Development Partners, LLC, and another Public Hearing will be required. Meanwhile, the Brantley County Commission renewed the planning documents prohibiting landfills.


Fishers continue to consume seafood from the Terry Creek area.

- The GEC continues advocating for appropriate testing and analytical method for pesticide at Altama Elementary School and the Terry Creek Superfund Site. The EPA Office of Inspector General tasked EPA Region 4 in Atlanta with the response to the concerns directed to his office. The GEC will send a request for action to EPA Region 4 in Atlanta and continue working on an action plan to obtain compliance. EPA inaction at both Altama Elementary School and the Terry Creek Superfund Site continue to be chronic problems.



- The GEC continues to monitor Georgia Power’s removal of the coal ash pond from Plant McManus in Glynn County. Georgia Power reports the removal is around 50% complete and expects to finish the project in 2017.  Two well water samples had arsenic, which has been reported to the Georgia EPD.  The water will be investigated under the Hazardous Site Response Act program. The coal ash is being placed in a lined cell without other wastes, and financial assurances to maintain the cells are in place at the Chesser Island Landfill near Folkston.


- WAIT, WAIT, WAIT…. We continue to wait for a response for these projects and issues.


- EPA Superfund Site Procrastination has halted work at the Terry Creek and LCP Chemicals Superfund Sites.  A few of the notable cases of procrastination are:
           - LCP Chemicals upland memorandum since April 2013
           - LCP Chemicals Marsh Consent Decree since September 2016
            - Terry Creek Site Responsiveness Summary to public comments and release the Record of Decision since September 2015



- Savannah Army Corps of Engineers (ACE) - The GEC and other coastal organizations continue to wait for a response to comments concerning the Sea Island Groin permit. The Georgia Court of Appeals upheld the Coastal Marshlands Protection Committee approval of the project.


Tel: 912-466-0934
Postal Address: P. O.  Box 2443, Brunswick, Georgia 31521
Office Address: 4472 New Jesup Highway, Suite C, Brunswick, Georgia  31520

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Glynn Environmental Coalition
P. O. Box 2443
Brunswick, Georgia 31521

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